Books,  Politics

Francis Parker Yockey on Democracy

Francis Parker Yockey is perhaps one of the most interesting characters I have ever come across in the 20th century. Yockey traveled the world on a variety of fake passports because the FBI was tracking him down due to his activities. He is most famous for his book Imperium (1948) which outlines various arguments about history and culture.

The book was written in the post WWII period in Ireland and it is a ‘far right’ book. Unlike most right wing (and people in general) who try and uphold the principle of democracy, that does not fly for Yockey. He gives a few scathing remarks about Democracy in Imperium.

During these centuries [1500-1800], … The struggle for political power was strictly within the bounds imposed by the Culture-soul. Armies were small, professional; war was the possession of the nobility; peace treaties were arrived at by negotiation and compromise; honor was present at ever decision of politics or war. (58)

He then contrasts this to the democracies of the 19th and early 20th century.

Reason applied to politics produced Democracy; applied to war, it produced the mass army to replace the professional one, and the dictate instead of the treaty… the forces of Money, Economics, and Democracy overcome the State. For its responsible, public, leadership isĀ  substituted the irresponsible, private, rule of anonymous groups, classes, and individuals, whose interests the parliaments serve. The psychology of monarchs is replaced by the psychology of crowds and mobs, the new base for power of the man of ambition. (59-60)

This is an interesting development for the time period. This was an age were democracy was promoted as the highest value (ie. president Wilson “Make the world safe for democracy”, the League of Nations, The United Nations, “self determination”, etc.) Although Yockey in a way romanticizes monarchies, his thoughts are similar to another theorist, Hans Hermann Hoppe.

In his book, Democracy the God that Failed (2001), Hoppe takes a very similar view to Yockey on the problem of Democracy.

Typically, monarchical wars arise out of disputes over inheritances brought on by a complex network of interdynastic marriages and the irregular but constant extinction of certain dynasties. … Moreover, since they are interdynastic property disputes, the public considers war the king’s private affair, to be financed and executed with his own money and military forces. Further, as private conflicts between different ruling families the public expects and the kings feel compelled to recognize a clear distinction between combatants and noncombatants and to target their war efforts specifically against each other and their respective private property. (34)

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